Naples International Airport has put in place a monitoring and control plan for the avifauna living in the airport, which is continuously carried out by trained and specialized staff as per specific ENAC official letters.
Preventive wildlife monitoring foresees a systematic control of the avifauna/fauna by registering all useful information concerning species, number, location, etc.
Monitoring activities are carried out and archived by using IT systems which allow tracking all the inspections made by BCU (Bird Control Unit) operators.
The avifauna can also hit aircrafts in movement in the so-called birdstrikes; the latter are also registered and analyzed using an IT system, then forwarded to ENAC and managed as per ENAC official letters and as per current specific airport procedures.
The standardized univocal indicator used to express this risk is the Bird Risk Indicator (BRI2), which takes into account several factors (airport traffic, number of birds and their behavior, number of registered impacts, the involved species and the seriousness of the events).
The largest presence of birds and their highest activity is normally observed in the morning and at sunset, or after intense precipitation events, earth movements, etc.
Therefore, Gesac sets up a natural-environmental study and a yearly specific report including, among the other things, the analysis of data regarding the registered events, fauna monitoring data, the mitigation measures taken and the measurement of wildlife strike risk throughout the year.
The BRI2 for 2017 is 0,14 and, as in previous years (0.12 in 2015 and 0.14 in 2016), it is far below the risk threshold, which is 0.5, according to current Italian regulations.
Below is a summary of the most significant figures for the last few years: